Cities are where people live, work and play. Studies attempt to understand cities and city life — how they function, the current and future concerns of their residents. Studies take into account economic and social relations, physical landscapes and cultural frameworks that define the city. Municipalities across Canada are marked by complex social diversity, striking contrasts of wealth and poverty and a challenging array of planning and environmental dilemmas. Studies focus on where people live and the physical environment that impacts and affects their everyday behaviour and life. Studies help to guide and inform master plans and in strategic decision-making.