RESIDENTIAL TREE PROGRAM
Trees on private property provide many benefits to residents, including reducing energy bills through shading from sun and protection from cool winds, reducing air and noise pollution, improving property value, and being aesthetically pleasing.
The planting and care of trees on residential properties is also an important part of maintaining and improving Brampton's urban forest
. The One Million Trees Program
identifies residential trees planting and care as an important consideration to achieving the goal of planting one million trees by 2040.
This year, in celebration of the first Brampton Tree Month during September, Brampton residents were able to register to receive a free tree to plant on their property. As part of this Residential Tree Program initiative, over 1000 trees were given away to Brampton residents to plant on their property. Stay tuned for more future Residential Tree Program initiatives to participate in.
See videos and tips on tree care and planting on your property below.
TREE PLANTING Guide
Provided below are some tips on planting a tree. Check out our tree brochure for more information.
- When to Plant
As a general rule, trees should be planted in the fall or early spring, because the weather conditions are milder which make it easier for plants to establish their roots.
- What to Plant
When choosing a tree to plant, choose a native species! Native species are already adapted to the local soil and weather conditions. These better adapted trees are hardier, which results in higher less maintenance, disease resistant which requires less pesticide use. Click here for a link to Ontario Tree Atlas which provides a native tree species guide.
- Where to Get a Tree
The best place to purchase a tree is your local nursey. Property owners can also request to have a free tree planted in front of their property on the public right-of-way. Click here for the Request New/Replacement Tree form.
- Where to Plant
When choosing a location to plant, consider the eventual size and needs of your tree(s). Find out the eventual size of your tree to allow for it to grow to its full height and width, and for the root system to expand outwards. The type of tree you choose should also depend on the moisture, light exposure, and soil of the sight. For example, some trees require full sun, while others do better in areas that receive some shade. You should also contact your Ontario One Call to mark underground utility locations before you conduct any digging to plant your tree.
Before you dig, contact Ontario One Call. The first step of digging a whole to receive your tree is to understand how deep to dig. The trunk flare (where the trunk expands at the base of the tree) should be partially visible after planting. The width of the hole should also be 2-3 times wider than the tree’s root ball to allow the roots to spread out. The hole should also be a little less deep at the centre so that the water can drain toward the root tips. Click here to view a more detailed Tree Planting Instructional Diagram.
To stake or not to stake? That is the important question. A stake is usually a piece a wood or other flexible material that is connected to a tree using another material like rope or special wire to provide the tree with support during its initial growing phases. Staking is generally not needed for young trees, but may be helpful in some situations where there are high winds. Staking should only be used when necessary as this artificial support can weaken the tree trunks and result in less developed root systems. In addition, improper staking can damage the new tree and can lead to stunted growth or death. Click here for a more detailed discussion on staking.