Implementing the policies of the Growth Plan will bring significant challenges and opportunities for the City of Brampton. The Growth Plan’s principles and policies have placed significant emphasis on intensification, protecting natural resources, protecting and enhancing the economy and making the best use of existing and new infrastructure.
In order to achieve these policies, the Province has established targets that the City of Brampton must conform to, including population and employment targets, minimum densities, an intensification target, and the establishment of an urban growth centre and built boundary. A map containing the draft built boundary and urban growth centre boundary for Brampton, will be posted soon.
Specific targets set out by the Growth Plan include:
- 40% of new residential units across the entire Region of Peel are to be accommodated through intensification within the built up area by 2015.
- Designated Greenfield areas are to achieve a density of 50 residents and jobs per hectare in order to be transit supportive, among other objectives. The Greenfield density target is to be measured across all of the Region of Peel’s Greenfield areas.
- Brampton’s Urban Growth Centre is to be planned to accommodate a minimum density of 200 residents and jobs per hectare.
- Plans to accommodate 1,640,000 people and 870,000 jobs in the Region of Peel by 2031. The Growth Plan does not establish individual population and employment targets for local municipalities (i.e. Brampton, Mississauga, Caledon) within the Region of Peel.
The Growth Plan contains policies to ensure that an adequate supply of land is available for a variety of employment uses, to accommodate the employment forecast for Peel.
The studies being undertaken as part of the City of Brampton’s response to the Growth Plan aim to identify how and where Brampton can accommodate intensification and the Greenfield and Urban Growth Centre density targets, which will need to take into consideration, growth across the entire Region of Peel into consideration. Other challenges to achieving the targets include:
- Ensuring sufficient funding is available for growth-related infrastructure, including roads, transit service, parks and other community uses needed to support additional residents and jobs. Deficiencies in the Development Charges Act mean that costs for infrastructure cannot all be recovered through development charges, leaving a gap that municipalities must cover;
- Market preferences for low-density housing and local resistance to intensifying existing neighbourhoods; and
- A preference and reliance on private motor vehicles as the primary mode of transportation throughout the region.
While the Growth Plan presents challenges, if well managed, growth can have significant benefits and can help Brampton develop into a more complete, sustainable and healthy community. The Growth Plan has given municipalities additional powers to direct growth to areas identified as the most appropriate to accommodate growth, and to ensure new development occurs at densities that will support:
- Enhanced transit services;
- The reduction sprawl, traffic congestion and air pollution;
- The protection of natural and open spaces;
- Using existing and new infrastructure more efficiently;
- Additional employment opportunities; and
- The revitalization of downtown areas.