Woodlands/woodlots are a key aspect of the quality of life enjoyed in Brampton. Woodlands/woodlots are critical to the health of the City’s Natural Heritage System, and provide numerous environmental, social, economic and health benefits to Brampton residents. Environmentally, Brampton’s woodlands:

  • Provide diverse habitat for a wide variety of plants and wildlife
  • Store water, which support our numerous streams, and carbon dioxide (approximately 6.5 tonnes/ha)
  • Improve air quality by removing thousands of metric tonnes of carbon and hundreds of metric tonnes of air pollution annually.

Socially, Brampton woodlands/woodlots provide residents with many recreational opportunities, such as hiking, bird watching, photography, and respite from the urban landscapes, and the hustle and bustle of our busy lives. Economically, Brampton’s woodlands/woodlots are estimated to reduce annual residential energy costs by mitigating the impacts of the urban heat island (caused by roads, buildings, and human activities). Woodlands/woodlots also add to the value of neighbouring properties.

The City defines a “woodland” (referred to as a "woodlot" in the Woodlot Conservation By-law) as a portion of land that is at least 0.2 hectares in area that is treed with at least:

  • 200 trees, of any size, per 0.2 hectare;
  • 150 trees, measuring over five (5) centimetres in diameter per 0.2 hectare;
  • 100 trees, measuring over twelve (12) centimetres in diameter per 0.2 hectare; or
  • 50 trees, measuring over twenty (20) centimetres in diameter per 0.2 hectare.

A woodland/woodlot is a dense collection of trees within a small geographic area with a naturalizing understory of shrubs, herbaceous plants, and/or grasses.

Brampton has approximately 2,182 hectares of woodlands/woodlots, which represents 5% of the City’s total land area. Woodlands/woodlots can vary in size and shape and can be located on public or private lands. Some of the City’s woodlands/woodlots are located on tablelands as remnant features maintained by area farmers as a source of wood for fences and fuel. Other woodlands/woodlots are found within the City’s numerous valley corridors, including the Credit River, Fletcher’s Creek, Etobicoke Creek, and West Humber River.


Brampton’s woodlands/woodlots are protected by the City’s Woodlot Conservation By-law. For more information, please contact the Planning and Infrastructure Services Department, Environmental Planning Section.